Industrial Wastewater Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a widely accepted unit operation for industrial water purification. The water is typically pressured between 150 to 600 psig and pass through either thin film composite or cellulose acetate membranes. Typical RO recoveries are between 70-90%.

The most important factor in treating industrial wastewater with Reverse Osmosis (RO) is the pretreatment that protects the membrane against organic fouling, mineral scaling and chemical degradation. Before reverse osmosis should be considered, a complete cation/anion balance is required and potential foulants must be identified. High BOD and COD levels can also contribute to membrane fouling. A wide range of pretreatment technologies is available.

The effluent discharged to the sewer typically contains between 200 to 10,000 parts per million (ppm) total dissolved solids (TDS). With the proper pretreatment technology followed by RO, this water can be recycled.

Ion exchange treatment of the RO product water can further polish the water and make it suitable for all rinses. To design a successful and cost-effective system, Evoqua Water Technologies evaluates each individual application because the pH, oxidizing potential and concentration of soluble salts of the wastewater effluents often exceed the operating limits of the RO systems. After the detailed evaluation of the wastewater is complete, Evoqua determines the optimum preconditioning chemistry and selects the best pretreatment technology for the application.

Applications include treatment and recycle of wastewaters generated from metal finishing and plating operations; printed circuit board and semiconductor manufacturing (treatment and recycle of rinsewaters used in electroplating processes); automotive manufacturing (treatment and recycle of water used for cleaning and painting); food and beverage (concentration of wastewater for reuse and reduction of BOD prior to discharge); groundwater and landfill leachate (removal of salts and heavy metals prior to discharge).

Features and Benefits

  • Can be integrated with an existing membrane filtration system or ion exchange system to achieve up to 80% rinse water recycle
  • Reduces water and sewer use costs
  • Modular design for ease of installation 

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Product Documentation

Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment System

Parts & Services


Pretreatment System Components for Industrial Reverse Osmosis

Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment Systems
Equalization Tanks
Transfer Pump Systems

Optional Industrial Wastewater Components to Recycle Up to 80% Rinse Water Include:

Memtek® Microfiltration System
Industrial Wastewater Ion Exchange Systems

Featured Case Studies

Nevada Goldfield's Wastewater Treatment System Uses Reverse Osmosis and Ion Exchange to Meet Stringent Metal Limits
 Read More